Tobacco Use in Canada
Patterns and Trends - 2015 Edition



In 2013, among Canadian adults age 15 and older:

  • 14.6% of Canadians (approximately 4.2 million) were current smokers.

    • The majority of smokers reported smoking daily (10.9% daily/3.8% non-daily prevalence).

    • Although smoking prevalence was at its lowest level since measurement began, the observe prevalence decline appears to have slowed.

    • Prevalence was higher among males (16.0%) than females (13.3%).

    • Prevalence was highest among young adults (18.5% among those aged 25-34, and 17.9% among those aged 20-24), and generally declined with age. Prevalence was lowest among youth aged 15-19 and adults age 55+, at 10.7% and 10.8%, respectively.

  • Daily smokers in Canada smoked an average of 13.9 cigarettes per day.

    • Average consumption has declined by more than 3 cigarettes per day since 1999.

    • Male daily smokers consumed nearly 3 more cigarettes per day than females.

  • There were significant differences between provinces in smoking prevalence, ranging from 11% in BC to nearly 20% in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland.

  • Self-rated health varied by smoking status: smokers did not rate ther health as highly as non-smokers.

  • Cigars and cigarillos were the most popular tobacco products other than cigarettes: 3.3% of Canadians reported use in the past 30 days.

    • Use of cigars/cigarillos varied by province.

  • Although the vast majority of smokers usualy got theur cigarettes from stores, approximately one in ten had purchased from a First Nations reserve. Few reported having purchased cigarettes that may have been smuggled.

  • More than half of respondents (59.1%) reported being exposed to secondhand smoke in the past month, including 12.9% who were exposed daily or almost daily. Exposure was most prevalent among males, young people, and current smokers.