Tobacco Use in Canada
Patterns and Trends - 2015 Edition

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Data Sources

Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey (CTUMS)
The Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey (CTUMS) was conducted by Statistics Canada with the cooperation and support of Health Canada. CTUMS was developed to provide Health Canada and its partners with timely, reliable, and continual data on tobacco use and related issues. From 1999 to 2012, data was collected from February to December of each year, using computer-assisted random-digit-dialed telephone interviews. The samples for CTUMS were selected using a stratified random sampling procedure. The samples included the population of Canada aged 15 years and over, excluding residents of Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, as well as full-time residents of institutions and residents without telephones or with cell phones only.
Beginning in 2013, the biennial Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Survey (CTADS) replaces CTUMS.
See Appendix A for further details.

Youth Smoking Survey (YSS)
The Youth Smoking Survey (YSS) monitors tobacco use in school-aged children (grades 6-9/10-12). The YSS collects data on smoking behaviour, social and demographic factors, attitudes and beliefs about smoking, cigarette purchasing and other policy-relevant items, as well as experience with alcohol and drugs. To date, seven waves of the YSS have been conducted: 1994, 2002, 2004-05, 2006-07, 2008-09, 2010-11, and 2012-13 (public data not yet available). YSS data is collected through classroom-based surveys of students in grades 6-9 (and grades 10-12 from 2006-07 onward; grade 5 was also included in waves prior to and including 2006-07). Schools are randomly sampled within each of the 10 provinces, using a stratified single stage design. The sample excludes residents of the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories, residents of institutions, residents of First Nations reserves, and those attending special schools (e.g., schools for visually- or hearing-impaired individuals) or schools located on military bases. Participation in the 2010-11 YSS was declined by the province of New Brunswick; based on the comparative analysis conducted using 2008-09 survey data, there were no statistically significant differences in national estimates with and without New Brunswick.
See Appendix B for further details.