Tobacco Use in Canada
Patterns and Trends - 2015 Edition

end material: REFERENCES


i. Carter BD, Abnet CC, Feskanich D, et al. (2015). Smoking and mortality – beyond established causes. N Engl J Med, 372: 631-40; DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsa1407211.

ii. Government of Canada. (2015). Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Survey (CTADS): Summary of results for 2013.

iii. Physicians for a Smoke-free Canada. (2008, August). Smoking in Canada: Percentage of Canadians who smoke (on either a daily or occasional basis), federal surveys, 1965-2007. Ottawa: Physicians for a Smoke-free Canada. Available online:

iv. Kirst, M., Mecredy, G., & Chaiton, M. (2013). The prevalence of tobacco use co-morbidities in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 104(3), e210-e215.

v. Smoking and Health Action Foundation. (2013). Cigarette prices in Canada: A map comparing the price of a carton of 200 cigarettes in Canada’s provinces and territories, as of April, 2013. Available online:

vi. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (2008). 2008 Contraband Tobacco Enforcement Strategy. Ottawa: RCMP. Available online:

vii. Cunningham, R. (2015, March 5). Tobacco Control Progress in Canada, 2014.

viii. Health Canada. (2010, July 5). Government of Canada Ban on Flavoured Tobacco Products Now in Full Force [News Release 2010-112]. Available online:

ix. Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. (2012). Tobacco Taxes: Monitoring Update. Toronto: Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. Available online:

x. Health Canada. (2011). Health Labels for Cigarettes and Little Cigars. Available online:

xi. Health Canada. (2002). 2000-2002 Report on Tobacco Control - An Update.

xii. Pierce, J.P., Choi, W.S., Gilpin, E.A., Farkas, A.J., & Merritt, R.K. (1996). Validation of susceptibility as a predictor of which adolescents take up smoking in the United States. Health Psychology 15, 355-361.

xiii. Klein, S.M., Giovino, G.A., Barker, D.C., Tworek, C., Cummings, K.M., & O'Connor, R.J. (2008). Use of flavored cigarettes among older adolescent and adult smokers: United States, 2004--2005. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 10, 1209-14.